Bibliography of articles accessible online

Classification: Bibliographies | Library

60 minutes (australia) breaking the silence: Sexual reassignment (antoinette briffa), 2000. Directed by Anon. . Sydney. June 25. Available from:

Anon. . 2000, Fall. Letters (intersex). Whole Earth, 100-101. Available from:

Anon. . 2000, August. Frau und mann - alte mythen nuen rollen. Geo Wissen (special issue on intersex), 26. Available from:

Das verordnete geschlecht (the hidden gender), 2001. Directed by Anon. . Available from:

Anon. . 2001, November/December/January. La Recherche Special Issue (Sexes: Comment on devient homme ou femme). Available from:

288th Judicial District Court Bexar County Texas. 1999. Littleton v. Prange. Available from:

Aaronson, I. A., 1999. Editorial comment: When and how to screen? Infectious Urology, 12 (4), 113-118. Available from:

Abramsky, L., Hall, S., Levitan, J., and Marteau, T. M., 2001. What parents are told after prenatal diagnosis of a sex chromosome abnormality: Interview and questionnaire study. BMJ, 322, 463-466. Available from:

Adamson, C., 2000. Brazilian girls share a sydney secret. This Is London, September 27. Available from:

Alexander, T. 1997. The medical management of intersexed children: An analogue for childhood sexual abuse. Available from:

Alexander, T., 1997. Silence=death. Chrysalis (Special Issue on Intersexuality), 2, 47-50. Available from:

American Academy of Pediatrics. 1995. Informed consent, parental permission, and assent in pediatric practice (re9510). Pediatrics, 95 (2), 314-317. Available from:

American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Endocrinology and Section on Urology Committee on Genetics. 2000. Evaluation of the newborn with developmental anomalies of the external genitalia. Pediatrics, 106 (01), 138-142. Available from:;106/1/138.

American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Urology. 1996. Timing of elective surgery on the genitalia of male children with particular reference to the risks, benefits, and psychological effects of surgery and anesthesia. Pediatrics, 97 (4), 590-594. Available from:;97/4/590.pdf.

Angier, N., 1997. New debate over surgery on genitals. New York Times, 13 May p. B7. Available from:

Angier, N., 1998. Nothing becomes a man more than a woman's face. New York Times, August 31. Available from:

Angier, N., 2000. Book review: As nature made him: The boy who was raised as a girl. New York Times, February 20. Available from:

Anonymous. 1994. Once a dark secret. BMJ (British Medical Journal), 308 (19 February), 542. Available from:

Arends, B., and Slater, V., 2004. Talking back to science: Art, science and the personal. Wellcome Trust. Available from:

Associated Press. 2004. Intersexual inmate wins rights claim. Billings Gazette, February 24. Available from:

Bagemihl, B., 2000, Spring. Left-handed bears and androgynous cassowares. Whole Earth, 77-83. Available from:

Baker, R., 2002. 'she's worth it' surgery mends hamden infant's disorder. New Haven Register, March 4. Available from:

Batz, J., 1999. You don't have to make babies to have a holy kind of sex. (homosexuality and catholicism). National Catholic Reporter, February 26. Available from:

Bauer, A. M., 2005, June. The second question. Minnesota Monthly. Available from:

Beh, H. G., and Diamond, M., 2000. An emerging ethical and medical dilemma: Should physicians perform sex assignment surgery on infants with ambiguous genitalia? Michigan Journal of Gender & Law, 7, 1-65. Available from:

Berenbaum, S. A., 2003. Management of children with intersex conditions: Psychological and methodological perspectives. Growth Genetics, 19 (1). Available from:

Berenbaum, S. A., and Bailey, J. M., 2003. Effects on gender identity of prenatal androgens and genital appearance: Evidence from girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 88 (3), 1102-1106. Available from:

Biesecker, B., 2001. Prenatal diagnoses of sex chromosome conditions (editorial). BMJ, 322, 441-442. Available from:

Blackless, M., Charuvastra, A., Derryck, A., Fausto-Sterling, A., Lauzanne, K., and Lee, E., 2000. How sexually dimorphic are we? Review and synthesis. American Journal of Human Biology, 12 (2), 151-166. Available from:

Blizzard, R. M., 2002. Intersex issues: A series of continuuing conundrums. Pediatrics, 1103 (3), 616-621. Available from:

Bloom, A., 2002. Trading fiction's comfort for a chance to look life in the eye. New York Times. Available from:

Bradley, S. J., Oliver, G. D., Chernick, A. B., and Zucker, K. J., 1998. Experiment of nurture: Ablatio penis at 2 months, sex reassignment at 7 months, and a psychosexual follow-up in young adulthood. Pediatrics (Electronic Pages), 102 (1), E9. Available from:

Breedlove, S. M., 2000. Review of 'sexing the body' by anne fausto-sterling. New England Journal of Medicine, 343 (9), 668. Available from:

British Association of Paediatric Surgeons Working Party on the Surgical Management of Children Born with Ambiguous Genitalia. 2001. Statement of the british association of paediatric surgeons working party on the surgical management of children born with ambiguous genitalia. Available from:

Broks, P., 1999. Trust me—i'm a patient. Wavelength (University of the West of England, School of Interdisciplinary Studies) (23). Available from:

Burton, G. M. 2002. General discussion of legal issues affecting sexual assignment of intersex infants born with ambiguous genitalia. Available from:

Chase, C., 1997, 1 October. Spare the knife, study the child (letter). Ob.Gyn.News, 32, 14-15. Available from:

Chase, C., 1997, Fall. Making media: An intersex perspective. Images, 22-25. Available from:

Chase, C., 1997. Hermaphrodites speak! [video tape (30 minutes)]. San Francisco: Intersex Society of North America. Available from:

Chase, C., 2003. What is the agenda of the intersex patient advocacy movement? The Endocrinologist, 13 (3), 240-242. Available from:

Coan, S., 2000. The journey from selwyn to sally. Natal Witness, February 21 p. 9. Available from:

Coan, S., 2000. Shunned by the church. Natal Witness, February 22 p. 9. Available from:

Coan, S., 2000. The struggle to be sally. Natal Witness, February 23 p. 9. Available from:

Cohen-Kettenis, P. T., 2000. Book review: As nature made him. New England Journal of Medicine, 342 (19), 1457. Available from:

Colapinto, J., 1997, 11 December. The true story of john/joan. Rolling Stone, 54-73+92-97. Available from:

Consortium on the Management of Disorders of Sex Development. 2006. Handbook for parents. Rohnert Park: Intersex Society of North America. Available from:

Consortium on the Management of Disorders of Sex Development. 2006. Clinical guidelines for the management of disorders of sex development in childhood. Rohnert Park: Intersex Society of North America. Available from:

Cools, M., Aerde, K. V., Kersemaekers, A.-M., Boter, M., Drop, S. L. S., Wolffenbuttel, K. P., Steyerberg, E. W., Oosterhuis, J. W., and Looijenga, L. H. J., 2005. Morphological and immunohistochemical differences between gonadal maturation delay and early germ cell neoplasia in patients with undervirilization syndromes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 90 (9), 5295-5303. Available from:

Corte Constitucional De Colombia. 1999. Sentencia su-337/99 [constitutional court of colombia restricts genital surgery on children]. Available from:

Corte Constitucional De Colombia. 1999. Sentencia t-551/99 [constitutional court of colombia restricts genital surgery on children]. Available from:

Coventry, M., 1998, Summer. The tyranny of the esthetic: Surgery's most intimate violation. On the Issues: The Progressive Woman's Quarterly, 7, 16-23,60-61. Available from:

Coventry, M., 2000, October/November. Making the cut. Ms. Magazine, X, 52-60. Available from:

Creighton, S., Ransley, P., Duffy, P., Wilcox, D., Mushtaq, I., Cuckow, P., Woodhouse, C., Minto, C., Crouch, N., Stanhope, R., Hughes, I., Dattani, M., Hindmarsh, P., Brain, C., Achermann, J., Conway, G., Liao, L. M., Barnicoat, A., and Perry, L., 2003. Regarding the consensus statement on 21-hydroxylase deficiency from the lawson wilkins pediatric endocrine society and the european society for paediatric endocrinology. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 88 (7), 3455. Available from:

Creighton, S. M., 2001. Editorial: Surgery for intersex. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 94, 218-220. Available from:

Creighton, S. M., 2004. Long-term outcome of feminization surgery: The london experience. BJU Int, 93 Suppl 3, 44-46. Available from:

Creighton, Sarah m., and Liao, L.-M., 2004. Changing attitudes to sex assignment in intersex. BJU International, 93 (5), 659-664. Available from:

Creighton, S. M., and Minto, C. L., 2001. Managing intersex: Most vaginal surgery in childhood should be deferred (editorial). BMJ (323), 1264-1265. Available from:

Cull, M., 2002. Treatment of intersex needs open discussion (letter). BMJ, 324, 919. Available from:

Davies, M. C., Crouch, N. S., Woodhouse, C. R. J., and Creighton, S. M., 2005. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia and lower urinary tract symptoms. BJU Int, 95 (9), 1263-1266. Available from: .

Dennis, C., 2004. Brain development: The most important sexual organ. Nature, 427, 390-392. Available from:

Diamond, M., and Sigmundson, H., 1997. Sex reassignment at birth: A long term review and clinical implications. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 150, 298-304. Available from:

Diamond, M., and Sigmundson, H. K., 1997. Management of intersexuality: Guidelines for dealing with persons with ambiguous genitalia. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 151, 1046-1050. Available from:

Dickerman, J. D., 2000. Seven alternatives to evidence-based medicine. Pediatrics. Available from:

Dingfelder, S. F., 2004. Gender bender. Monitor On Psychology, 35 (4). Available from:

Dotinga, R., 2004, January 21. You've (still) got male: Boys with genital defects, raised as girls, revert back to original gender. HealthDay News. Available from:

Dreger, A., 1998. When medicine goes too far in the pursuit of normality. New York Times, 28 July p. Science Times. Available from:

Dreger, A., 2000. Jarring bodies: Thoughts on the display of unusual anatomies. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine (Winter), 161-172. Available from:

Dreger, A. D., 1998. "Ambiguous sex" -- or ambivalent medicine? Ethical issues in the medical treatment of intersexuality. Hastings Center Report, 28 (3), 24-35. Available from:

Dreger, A. D., 2002, July 23. Intersex. Available from:

Dreifus, C., 2001. Exploring what makes us male or female. New York Times, January 2. Available from:

Dreifus, C., 2005. Declaring with clarity, when gender is ambiguous. New York Times, May 31. Available from:

Drescher, J., 1997, 1 October. Spare the knife, study the child. Ob.Gyn.News, 32, 14. Available from:

Dunn, K., 2001. What gender am i again? Portland Mercury, August 23. Available from:

Dusen, M. V., 2004. Separate and unequal. Casper Star Tribune, December 8. Available from:

Eckert, C. A., 2003. The historicisation of the hermaphroditic/intersexed body: From medicalisation to de-medicalisation. Thesis. University of Essex. Available from:

Evans, W., 2004. Gender blending: Facing difficult decisions, intersex people and their families push for understanding. Sacramento Bee, April 20. Available from:

Fausto-Sterling, A., 1993. The five sexes: Why male and female are not enough. The Sciences, 33 (2), 20-25. Available from:

Fausto-Sterling, A., 2000, July/August. The five sexes, revisited. The Sciences, 40, 18-23. Available from:

Fechner, P. Y., 1999. Book review: Hermaphrodites and the medical invention of sex. New England Journal of Medicine, 340 (6), 485. Available from:

Foley, S., and Morley, G. W., 1992. Care and counseling of the patient with vaginal agenesis. The Female Patient, 17 (October), 73-80. Available from:

Xxxy, 2000. Directed by Gale, P., and Soomekh, L. Palo Alto. Available from:

Gallacher, L., 2003. The psychology of intersex: Research into the experiences of individuals/parents who have experienced androgen insensitivity syndrome or congenital adrenal hyperplasia within the uk. Thesis. University of York. Available from:

Gawande, A., 2004, December 6. The bell curve. The New Yorker. Available from:

Genel, M., 2000. Gender verification no more? Medscape Women's Health, 5 (3). Available from:

Goodall, J., 1991. Helping a child to understand her own testicular feminisation. The Lancet, 337, 33-34. Available from:

Gorfain, L. H., and Bangert, C. A., 1998. Body human 2000: Love, sex, and the miracle of birth. Part 3: A question of gender. Stamford, CT: New Screen Concepts, Inc. Available from:

Gorman, C., and Cole, W., 2004, March 1. Between the sexes: More babies than you might think are born neither boys nor girls. Time. Available from:,10987,1101040301-593551,00.html.

Gross, S., 1999. Intersexuality and scripture. Theology & Sexuality, 11, 65-74. Available from:

Gross, T., 1997. Fresh air interviews chase, khoury, nielson. Philadelphia: WHYY. Available from:

Groveman, S., 2001. Ethics primer for clinical management of intersex. Ethics Rounds (Kaiser Permanente), 10 (1), 3-5. Available from:

Groveman, S. A., 2001, March. Lifting the curse (letter). Discover, 22. Available from:

Guttman, C., 2000, September. Task force to draft guidelines on intersex disorders. Urology Times, 26. Available from:

Haas, K., 2004. Who will make room for the intersexed? American Society of Law, Medicine, and Ethics, 30 (1), 41-68. Available from:

Harmon, A., 2004. How about not 'curing' us, some autistics are pleading. New York Times, December 20 pp. 1,A21. Available from:

Hendricks, M., 2000. Into the hands of babes. Johns Hopkins Magazine, 52 (4), 12-17. Available from:

Hester, J. D., 2003. Rhetoric of the medical management of intersexed children. Genders, 38. Available from:

Hester, J. D., 2004. Intersex(es) and the rhetorics of healing. Available from:

Holmes, M., 1994. Re-membering a queer body. Undercurrents, May 1994, 11-13. Available from:

Holmes, M. 1995. Queer cut bodies: Intersexuality & homophobia in medical practice. Available from:

Horsfield, M., 1998 (approx). Born without. She. Available from:

Hospital, U. M. C. S. 2003. Brain may 'hard-wire' sexuality before birth (eric vilain). Available from:

Hui, S., 2004, June 7. Seven questions: Alice dreger. Seven Oaks. Available from:

Hurwitz, R., Applebaum, H., and Muenchow, S., 1990. Surgical reconstruction of ambiguous genitalia in female children. [Video tape] Ciné-Med, Inc. 127 Main Street North, PO Box 745, Woodbury CT 06798. Tel (203) 263-0006. Available from:

Intersex Society of North America. 1994. Recommendations for treatment (pamphlet) (pp. 1): Intersex Society of North America. Available from:

Isaacs, D., and Fitzgerald, D., 1999. Seven alternatives to evidence-based medicine. BMJ, 319, 1618. Available from:

Joint Lwpes/Espe Cah Working Group. 2002. Consensus statement on 21-hydroxylase deficiency from the lawson wilkins pediatric endocrine society and the european society for paediatric endocrinology. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 87 (9), 4048-4053. Available from:

Keir, J., 2002. Mani’s story. Auckland New Zealand: Greenstone Pictures. Available from:

Kelton, S., 2002. Stuck on the horns of a dilemma: The challenge of the shifting paradigm of intersex management. Pediatric Endocrine Nursing Society Newsletter, 14 (2). Available from:

Kemp, B. D., Groveman, S. A., Anonymous, Tako, H. D., and Irwin, K. M., 1996. Sex, lies and androgen insensitivity syndrome. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 154 (12), 1829-1833. Available from:

Kessler, S., 1990. The medical construction of gender: Case management of intersexual infants. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 16 (1), 3-26. Available from:

Kipnis, K., and Diamond, M., 1998. Pediatric ethics and the surgical assignment of sex. Journal of Clinical Ethics, 9 (4), 398-410. Available from:

Kolker, C., 2004, June 8. The cutting edge. Slate. Available from:

Koyama, E., and Weasel, L., 2001. Teaching intersex issues. Petaluma: Intersex Society of North America. Available from:

Krstic, Z. D., Smolijanic, Z., Vukanic, D., Varinac, D., and Janjic, G., 2000. True hermaphroditism: 10 years' experience. Pediatric Surgery International, 16 (8), 580-583. Available from:

Laurent, B., 1995. Intersexuality--a plea for honesty and emotional support. Association for Humanistic Psychology Perspective, p. 8. Available from:

Lee, P., and Gruppuso, P. A., 1999, August 16. Should cosmetic surgery be performed on the genitals of children born with ambiguous genitals? (point/counterpoint). Physician's Weekly, 16. Available from:

Lee, P. A., Houk, C. P., Ahmed, S. F., and Hughes, I. A., 2006. Consensus statement on management of intersex disorders. Pediatrics, 118 (2), e488-500. Available from:

Lehrman, S., 1997, May/June. Woman. Stanford Today, 25, 47-51. Available from:

Lehrman, S., 1999, 5 April. Sex police. Salon (online). Available from:

Leonard, A., 2004. Federal judge finds wyoming prison violated constitutional rights of intersexual prisoner. LESBIAN/GAY LAW NOTES. Available from:

Letellier, P., 2004, May 28. San francisco holds hearing on intersex issue. PlanetOut Network. Available from:

Levay, S., 2000. Male, female, other. Nerve. Available from:

Lewis, R., 2000. Reevaluating sex reassignment. The Scientist, 14 (14), 6. Available from:

Liao, L.-M., and Boyle, M., 2004. Psychology in intersex management (research in brief). The Psychologist, 17 (Part 2), 88-89. Available from:

Llerena, K., 2004. Living in between, but no longer living in silence. Washington Square News, October 26. Available from:

Marion, R., 2000, December. The curse of the garcias. Discover, 21, 42-. Available from:

Marschall, L. A., 1998, September/October. Prisoners of sex (review of hermaphrodites and the medical invention of sex). The Sciences, 38, 44-45. Available from:

Marshall, Y., 2000. Book review: Intersex in the age of ethics. New England Journal of Medicine, 342 (19), 1457. Available from:

Mason, K. A., 2001. The unkindest cut. New Haven Advocate, March 29. Available from:

Maurer, K., 1997. Delaying surgery may help intersex children. Pediatric News, 31 (10), 29. Available from:

Mcdonough, V. T., 2002. Between the lines. Missoula Independent, June 6. Available from:

Mchugh, P., 2004. Surgical sex. First Things, 147, 34-38. Available from:

Melton, L., 2001. Ethics and gender. The Times, June 26. Available from:

Meyer-Bahlburg, H. F., 1999. Gender assignment and reassignment in 46,xy pseudohermaphroditism and related conditions. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 84 (10), 3455-3458. Available from:

Migeon, C., 2002. 46,xy intersex individuals: Phenotypic and etiologic classification, knowledge of condition, and satisfaction with knowledge in adulthood. Pediatrics, 110 (3), e32 (38 pages). Available from:

Migeon, C., 2002. Ambiguous genitalia with perineoscrotal hypospadias in 46,xy individuals: Long-term medical, surgical, and psychosexual outcome. Pediatrics, 110 (3), e31 (10 pages). Available from:

Miller, W. L., Oberfield, S. E., Speiser, P. W., Baskin, L. S., Donahoe, P. K., Nihoul-Fekete, C., Hutson, J. M., and Poppas, D. P., 2003. Authors’ response: Regarding the consensus statement on 21-hydroxylase deficiency from the lawson wilkins pediatric endocrine society and the european society for paediatric endocrinology. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 88 (7), 3454-3456. Available from:

Minto, C., 2001, July 20. My doctor lied to me. Well Aware (online). Available from:

Minto, C. L., Liao, L.-M., Woodhouse, C. R. J., Ransley, P. G., and Creighton, S. M., 2003. The effect of clitoral surgery on sexual outcome in individuals who have intersex conditions with ambiguous genitalia: A cross sectional study. Lancet, 361, 1252. Available from:

Moreno, A., 1999. In amerika they call us hermaphrodites. In: Dreger, A. D. ed. Intersex in the age of ethics. Hagerstown Maryland: University Publishing Group, 137-139. Available from:

Morgan, J. F., Murphy, H., Lacey, J. H., and Conway, G., 2005. Long term psychological outcome for women with congenital adrenal hyperplasia: Cross sectional survey. BMJ, 10, 1136. Available from:

Morris, M., 2001. The missing vagina monologue. Sojourner, March. Available from:

Intersex conditions, Woman's Hour, 2001. radio broadcast, Directed by Murray, J. London: BBC. December 11. Available from:

Cheryl chase on gendertalk, GenderTalk, 1997. radio, Directed by Nangeroni, N. Cambridge. May 28. Available from:

Gender talk (esther morris), 2002. Directed by Nangeroni, N., and Mackenzie, G. O. May 13. Available from:

Nataf, Z. I., 1998, April. Whatever i feel . . . New Internationalist, 22-25. Available from:

Natarajan, A., 1996. Medical ethics and truth-telling in the case of androgen insensitivity syndrome. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 154 (4), 568-570. Available from:

Navarro, M., 2004. When gender isn't a given. New York Times, September 19 pp. Styles 1, 6. Available from:

Navarro, M., 2004. The most private of makeovers. New York Times, November 28. Available from:

News24. 2004. Intersex legislation considered., November 30. Available from:,,2-7-1442_1629028,00.html.

Nicodemus, A., and Gross, S., 1999. Lifting the veil on intersexuality. Weekly Mail & Guardian, August 13-19 p. 12. Available from:

Nihoul-Fékété, C., 2005. Does surgical genitoplasty affect gender identity in the intersex infant? Hormone Research, 64 (Suppl. 2), 23-26. Available from:

Nordenskjold, A., and Ivarsson, S.-A., 1998. Molecular characterization of 5 alpha-reductase type 2 deficiency and fertility in a swedish family. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 83 (9), 3236-3238. Available from:

North American Task Force on Intersex. 2000. North american task force on intersex formed; seeks broad interdisciplinary consensus on treatment (press release). Available from:

Nussbaum, E., 1999, May/June. The sex that dare not speak its name. Lingua Franca, 9, 42-51. Available from:

Nussbaum, E., 2000, January. A question of gender. Discover, 21, 92-99. Available from:

Nussbaum, E., 2001, January 1. Nerve 100: Cheryl chase. Nerve. Available from:

Padawer, R., 2004. Intersexuals struggle to find their identity., July 25. Available from:

Pflag (Ed.). 2001. Tips & tactics (special issue on intersex). Washington DC: PFLAG. Available from:

Phornphutkul, C., Fausto-Sterling, A., and Gruppuso, P. A., 2000. Gender self-reassignment in an xy adolescent female born with ambiguous genitalia. Pediatrics, 106 (1), 135-137. Available from:

A different sex (20/20 with barbara walters), 20/20 with Barbara Walters, 2002. ABC television broadcast, Directed by Pifer, A. April 19. Available from:

Pulitzer Prize Board. 1996. Feature photography: Stephanie welsh. Online. Available from:

Reiner, W. G., Gearhart, J. P., and Jeffs, R., 1999. Psychosexual dysfunction in males with genital anomalies: Late adolescence, tanner stages iv to vi [see comments]. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 38 (7), 865-872. Available from:

Renzetti, C. M., and Curran, D. J., 1999. Women, men and society. 4th ed. Vol. 4. Needham Heights: Allyn and Bacon. Available from:

Reuters Health. 2000. Guidelines call for careful approach to newborns with ambiguous genitalia. Reuters Health, July 11. Available from:

Reuters Health. 2000. Us doctors urge caution on baby gender questions. Reuters Health. Available from:

Roelf, W., 2004. Intersex children must be protected from temptation of parents to 'fix' them surgically. Cape Times, December 1. Available from:

Rosin, M., 2004. Intersexuality and universal marriage. ExpressO Preprint Series. Available from:

Rye, B., 2000. Teaching about intersexuality: A review of hermaphrodites speak! And a critique of introductory human sexuality books. Journal of Sex Research, 37 (3), 295-298. Available from:

Sax, L., 2002. How common is intersex? A response to anne fausto-sterling. Journal of Sex Research, 39 (3), 174. Available from:

Scannell, K., 2001. Kaiser permanente ethics rounds. 10 (1), 1-8. Available from:

Schaffhausen, J., 2004. Gender bender: Our sexual identity has little to do with sex organs, researchers find. Available from:

Schober, J. M., 1999. Long-term outcomes and changing attitudes to intersexuality. BJU International, 83 Suppl 3, 39-50. Available from:

Simmonds, M., 2004. Patients and parents in decision making and management. In: Balen, A. ed. Pediatric and adolescent gynaecology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 205-228. Available from:

Slaughenhoupt, B. L., and Van Savage, J. G., 1999. The child with ambiguous genitalia. Infectious Urology, 12 (4), 113-118. Available from:

Speiwak, V. M., 2000. Der zwang der geschlechter. Die Zeit. Available from:

Stryker, J., 2000. M or f? New frontiers in the treatment of intersex infants. California Healthline, February 14. Available from:

Intersex, Soundprint Crossing Boundaries, 2004. Directed by Sujan, D. Available from:

Sex unknown, 2001. Directed by Sweigart, S., and Cohen, A. Boston: WGBH 1-800-255-9424. October 30. Available from:

Talcott, J., Rieker1, P., Propert, K., Clark, J., Wishnow, K., Loughlin, K., Richie, J., and Kantoff1, P., 1997. Patient-reported impotence and incontinence after nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 89 (15), 1117-1123. Available from:

Telvi, L., Lebbar, A., Pino, O. D., Barbet, J. P., and Chaussain, J. L., 1999. 45,x/46,xy mosaicism: Report of 27 cases. Pediatrics, 104, 304-308. Available from:

Torassa, U., 2002. Profile: Cheryl chase, medical activist boy or girl? Advocate for intersex children influences attitudes. San Francisco Chronicle, August 4. Available from:

Traviss, K. 1998. Orchids (short story). Available from:

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. 1989. Convention on the rights of the child. Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by general assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 november 1989 entry into force 2 september 1990, in accordance with article 49. Available from:

Vanessa, S., 1998, November/December. Hermaphrodite: A true story of dual genitalia. Pop Smear Magazine, 18, 46-56. Available from:

Vertosick, F. T., 1998. First, do no harm (risky brain surgery in the 1970s). Discover, 19 (7), 106-111. Available from:

Vilain, E., 2004. Biology of sex and gender (interview). In: Maloney, M. ed. Rediscovering biology: A professional development course for high school biology teachers. Portland: Oregon Public Broadcasting. Available from:

Warne, G. L., 1997. Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. Victoria Australia: Dept of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Royal Children's Hospital. Available from:

Whelan, J., 2002. Presentation to robert wood johnson medical school "Sex week". Available from:

White, R., 1997. All things considered: Intersexuals. National Public Radio. Available from:

Wilchins, R. A., 2002. A girl's right to choose: Intersex children and parents challenge narrow standards of gender. Now Times. Available from:

Williams, N., 2002. The imposition of gender: Psychoanalytic encounters with genital atypicality. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 19 (3), 455-474. Available from:

Wisniewski, A., Migeon, C. J., Meyer-Bahlburg, H. F., Gearhart, J. P., Berkovitz, G. D., Brown, T. R., and Money, J., 2000. Complete androgen insensitivity syndrome: Long-term medical, surgical, and psychosexual outcomes. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 85 (8), 2664-2669. Available from:

Women's Sports Foundation. 2000. Gender testing - gender verification at elite sports competitions: The foundation position: Women's Sports Foundation. Available from:

Yronwode, A., 1999. Intersex individuals dispute wisdom of surgery on infants. Synapse (UCSF campus weekly), March 11 p. 1. Available from: