Ethicists call for change in medical management of intersex conditions
Frader, J., P. Alderson, et al. (2004). "Health care professionals and intersex conditions." Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 158: 424-8.
"None of the appearance-altering surgeries need be done urgently. Surgery to normalize appearance without the consent of the patient lacks ethical justification, in most cases. . . . The irrevocable nature of surgery should make everyone extremely cautious."
Eugster, E. (2004). "Reality vs recommendations in the care of infants with intersex conditions (invited critique)." Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 158: 428-9.
"However, the . . . view that genital surgery be uniformly deferred until the patient is able to give consent cannot be supported by available information."